William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridgemeanwhile, were also exploring the implications of the French Revolution. The question of exploitation abroad reverberated domestically, as discrimination against women came to the fore.
The concept of the geniusor artist who was able to produce his own original work through this process of creation from nothingness, is key to Romanticism, and to be derivative was the worst sin.
The Story of the Irish Rebellion of It could not be, for them, the language of feeling, and Wordsworth accordingly sought to bring the language of poetry back to that of common speech.
In philosophy and the history of ideas, Romanticism was seen by Isaiah Berlin as disrupting for over a century the classic Western traditions of rationality and the idea of moral absolutes and agreed values, leading "to something like the melting away of the very notion of objective truth",  and hence not only to nationalism, but also fascism and totalitarianismwith a gradual recovery coming only after World War II.
This is most evident in the aesthetics of romanticism, where the notion of eternal models, a Platonic vision of ideal beauty, which the artist seeks to convey, however imperfectly, on canvas or in sound, is replaced by a passionate belief in spiritual freedom, individual creativity.
Both Wordsworth and Coleridge benefited from the advent in of the Regency, which brought a renewed interest in the arts. Events initially external to England, such as the French Revolution, are internalized in Romantic literature as a part of the debates on more relevant, internal issues in English politics, such as the prededing American Revolution and the imminent Irish Uprising of In works such as The Marriage of Heaven and Hell —93 and Songs of Experiencehe attacked the hypocrisies of the age and the impersonal cruelties resulting from the dominance of analytic reason in contemporary thought.
Many Romantic ideas about the nature and purpose of art, above all the pre-eminent importance of originality, remained important for later generations, and often underlie modern views, despite opposition from theorists.
His highly coloured narrative Lalla Rookh: That it was part of the Counter-Enlightenmenta reaction against the Age of Enlightenmentis generally accepted in current scholarship. The application of the term to literature first became common in Germany, where the circle around the Schlegel brothers, critics August and Friedrichbegan to speak of romantische Poesie "romantic poetry" in the s, contrasting it with "classic" but in terms of spirit rather than merely dating.
Margaret Drabble described it in literature as taking place "roughly between and ",  and few dates much earlier than will be found. Its relationship to the French Revolutionwhich began in in the very early stages of the period, is clearly important, but highly variable depending on geography and individual reactions.
Hand in hand with the new conception of poetry and the insistence on a new subject matter went a demand for new ways of writing. Feminist thinkers also reconsidered the status of women as both mothers and members of society. Fresh ideals came to the fore; in particular, the ideal of freedom, long cherished in Englandwas being extended to every range of human endeavour.
Select Bibliography Dyer, Gary. Here, still using his own mythological characters, he portrayed the imaginative artist as the hero of society and suggested the possibility of redemption from the fallen or Urizenic condition.
Poetry Blake, Wordsworth, and Coleridge Useful as it is to trace the common elements in Romantic poetry, there was little conformity among the poets themselves. Romanticism emerged amidst political tumult, as evidenced by the French Revolution and First Reform Act that conventionally bookend this literary-historical period.
He differs from the earlier Augustans, however, in his subject matter, concentrating on realistic, unsentimental accounts of the life of the poor and the middle classes.
Cambridge University Press, Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood. A further sign of the diminished stress placed on judgment is the Romantic attitude to form: In contrast to the usually very social art of the EnlightenmentRomantics were distrustful of the human world, and tended to believe a close connection with nature was mentally and morally healthy.
His later religious writings made a considerable impact on Victorian readers. A Vision; The Pains of Sleep was published in The Year of Liberty: He shows considerable narrative gifts in his collections of verse tales in which he anticipates many short-story techniques and great powers of description.
Sir Walter Scottby contrast, was thought of as a major poet for his vigorous and evocative verse narratives The Lay of the Last Minstrel and Marmion The most notable feature of the poetry of the time is the new role of individual thought and personal feeling.
One key area in which the influence of the French Revolution manifests itself is in the satiric poetry of the period.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge and others believed there were natural laws the imagination—at least of a good creative artist—would unconsciously follow through artistic inspiration if left alone.Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from to Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification.
Get an answer for 'What was the social background of the Romantic period?' and find homework help for other Literature questions at eNotes. Lecture 16 The Romantic Era: thus adding entirely new social concerns (see Lecture 17).
The old order -- politics and the economy -- seemed to be falling apart and hence for many Romantics, raised the threat of moral disaster as well. The period from to was a period of European war. War, yes, but also revolutionary combat. The Romantic period The nature of Romanticism.
(), he devoted himself to more-public concerns in poems of political and social prophecy, such as “Religious Musings” and “The Destiny of Nations.” Becoming disillusioned in with his earlier politics, however, and encouraged by Wordsworth, he turned back to the relationship. In the last 30 years, research has shown how the era’s economic realities, social concerns, and political contests found expression in Romantic poetry, novels, drama, and other forms of writing.
Rather than emphasize the common humanity that the Romantics addressed, this contextual scholarship has explored the ways in which literature.
The Romantic era is typically noted for its intense political, social, and cultural upheavals. The period is conventionally marked as beginning with the French Revolution in and ending with the passing of the Great Reform Bill inoccurrences which exemplify the political zeal of the late eighteenth- and early nineteenth centuries as well as the .Download