Even Thomas More and Reuchlin are included. Filelfo expressed a general satisfaction of scholars, citing also the humanitas of Christ himself, as well as writing somewhat hypocritically of fucata gentilium.
They drifted into a palpable paganism or semipaganism, curiously illustrated in the verse, e. If you must take a side, take the side which is most in favor. Character of the Movement A very clear view of the Humanistic movement may be gained from the writings of the biographer and beneficiary of Leo X.
Poggio, apostolic secretary, came to Constance with the pope, but spent most of his time in ransacking the libraries of Swiss monasteries for Latin codices. There are Christians who are Christians but in name, and are Gentiles at heart.
Petrarch is the pathfinder as well as the measure of the new movement. The IEP is actively seeking an author who will write a replacement article. Still they knew how to ma intain friendly relations with those higher clerics who had resources with which to patronize the new learning.
Jacob Burckhardt says of the Humanists that they were demoralized by their reproduction of Latin verse. I would rather see things left as they are than to see a revolution which may lead to one knows not what.
His correspondent Lionardo Bruni at Florence warns him to be more circumspect in his praise of a heretic. He pretended that he could not read the German writings of Luther.
Paul seems to teach the doctrines which they condemn in Luther. In Parentucelli, an enthusiast for codices, became pope as Nicholas V. He felt an affinity for Lucian; his Encomium Morioe, a vitriolic satire, dealt not gently with clerical corruption. I have written nothing which can be laid hold of against the established orders.
I aspire to no such honor. Erasmus Erasmus of Rotterdam in his person and career marks the point where the "new learning" had arrived at the parting of the ways. At the same time in the caricatures of foulness which these leaders of the new learning loved to draw, there is no moral indignation, but clearly like satyrs they themselves relish these things.
He idealized the classical world. Often the Latin verse of their youth proved very awkw ard when they entered upon their benefices. Both he and Poggio, Valla, Beccadelli, Enea Silvio dei Piccolomini in his youth show that the hatred of the cle rical class instigated literary composition.
Nicholas kept the vile "Satyrae" of the humanist until he had perused them, and gave Filelfo a purse of ducats when he departed. Boccaccio was not only a hu manist, but he, with appalling directness, revealed the emancipation of the flesh as one of the unmistakable trends of the new movement.
All were more interested "in viewing the early monuments of sensual enjoyment" than in study of the New Testament. Italian Humanism Dante had an admiration for ancient letters.
His classicist consciousness and his Christian consciousness are revealed in his writings. Of course, the craving for pure Latinity and the elevation of such practical power of imitation and reproduction involved an artificiality of which neither Petrarch nor his successors were aware.
The Italian Humanists were not concerned in the reformatory movements of the fifteenth century. When he was fifty-one, not long beforehe wrote to Fabricius at Basel: At best a mild deism or pantheism may be perceived in their more serious writings.Erasmus of Rotterdam in his person and career marks the point where the "new learning" had arrived at the parting of the ways.
He felt an affinity for Lucian; his Encomium Morioe, a vitriolic satire, dealt not gently with clerical corruption. He edited the New Testament and dedicated it to Leo X. He.Download