He was the most outstanding example of a man with complete tolerance regardless of what his own personal opinions seemed to be. Both civilian and military students of American wars have, to be sure, always praised Washington for his devotion to the concept of civil control of the military; and historical revisionism on that score is most unlikely.
They deserve to be remembered as professionals, albeit not in a narrow Huntingtonian sense.
Marshall, who stressed his intellectual indebtedness to Washington in calling for universal military training not servicereceived high praise from Palmer. The Education of a General, — ; Ordeal and Hope, — ; and Organizer of Victory, — Yet our two army commanders never succumbed to a Narcissus complex, nor were they hesitant to speak out against actions and policies they considered ill-advised; and Marshall went so far as to warn Roosevelt that he would do so on his assuming the top army post in But had American military men been as disposed to read the Prussian theorist, Karl von Clausewitz, as they were Jomini, they might have given further concern to the uniquely American problems of defense and warfare, for Clausewitz revealed a breadth lacking in Jomini and his followers, stressing throughout his magnum opus, On War, that armed conflict was merely an extension of politics.
We have been regularly Regimented and trained; and have done as regular Duty. An officer corps that was not as professional as its most professionally oriented members wished it to be—that is, as professional as its French and German counterparts—was not about to embrace Washington warmly.
Washington had done all these by the time he received command of the so-called Virginia Regiment in and the task of defending the backcountry of the Old Dominion.
In retrospect, one may well conclude that peacetime defense spending, while never completely adequate, was fairly sensible—devoted to officer training at West Point, maintaining coastal fortifications and frontier posts, and exploring the West. American servicemen were not simply soldiers; they were American soldiers, products of a free and open society, where restraints upon individual action and expression were minimal compared to many other parts of the world.
He exhibited the acumen to retreat without hesitation whenever he sensed a lowering of favorable conditions. Washington and Marshall benefited from extremely important military experiences of a professional nature before each became commander in chief at a most critical period in American history: Alongside his swift and opportune attacks stand his strategic retreats.
It troubled John Adams and his cousin Samuel that Washington was deified by his admirers. On becoming assistant commandant of the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, inMarshall made more rigorous an already existing requirement that every officer student prepare a short monograph on a military history subject.
If Europeans ignored Washington the soldier, so did Americans, except for the popularizers and romantics.
I must be careful not to speak of you as army men and women; but if I forget it will not be out of partiality. James Forbes himself and Col.
He was also a visiting professor of history at West Point and Duke University InProfessor Higginbotham moved to the University of North Carolina, where he became a full professor and served as Chairman of the Department of History Marshall obviously did get a regular commission after graduating from Virginia Military Institute inbut it involved a good deal of energy on the part of people with the right political connections to accomplish it.
Furthermore, as Marshall said during World War II, democracies inevitably go to war ill prepared and they do not conduct their conflicts efficiently. Historically, military men in America have been quite sensitive to criticism, and Washington and Marshall were not exceptions; but at least they understood it as the inevitable result of our personal freedoms, and they were even somewhat philosophical about it.
Pogue, Marshall, I, ; Fitzpatrick, ed.George Washington and the American Military Tradition has 21 ratings and 4 reviews.
Josh said: I read this book as part of my teaching load for a militar /5(4). George Washington is one of the founding fathers of the United States of America. He played a key role in the events leading up to the Declaration of Independence and also in the military confrontation that followed.
The Hardcover of the George Washington and the American Military Tradition by Higginbotham at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping on $25 or more! In George Washington and the American Military Tradition, Don Higginbotham investigates the interplay of militiaman and professional soldier, of soldier and legislator, that shaped George Washingtons military career and ultimately fostered the victory that brought independence to our nation.
Don Higginbotham (), Professor of History, University of North Carolina, was an expert on the American Revolution and American civil-military relations.
After receiving his B.A. () and M.A. () from Washington University, he earned his Ph.D. from Duke University in Don Higginbotham was an American historian and Dowd Professor of History and Peace, War, and Defense at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
A leading scholar of George Washington, he was a pioneering practitioner of the “new” military history and an expert on colonial and revolutionary America and the early national United States.